Understanding the governance of urban climate resilience is a crucial aspect of the UREx SETS approach. While cities are increasingly leading the way in developing actions to address climate change, many of the expected risks from climate change, such as a greater frequency of extreme events (e.g., floods, heat, and drought), are too large and complex for city governments to address on their own.
Portland is often considered an environmentally-conscious, planning-oriented city. Indeed, when the UREx SRN began, urban green infrastructure projects were well underway, and the city had already begun to think seriously about climate change preparedness, introducing the nation’s first local climate action plan in 1993.
Six future scenarios were produced for Hermosillo for the year 2080, including smart urban development, mobility and transportation, water security, safe city, economic innovation and competitiveness and environmental health.
New York City is the largest city in the USA with approximately 8.5 million people in 2016 (U.S. Census Bureau), and is built around a network of rivers, estuaries, and islands with much of the Metropolitan region within which the City is situated being less than 5 m above mean sea level (MSL)
Synthesis of F&C strategies task force
With the merit of nine UREx cities in the US and Latin America, the CCWG is a collaborative research structure to coordinate data acquisition and develop comparative research projects across network cities. The CCWG has focused on fostering improved communication and coordination of cross-city research through city updates in the WG meetings and served as a platform for task forces (TFs) for carrying out specific research goals.
Located in the Sonoran Desert, Phoenix, home for 1.6 million residents, is the fifth largest city and one of the fastest growing cities in the US, with the second greatest population in the Southwest. It receives just 8 inches of rain per year, making water scarcity a major concern for many local stakeholders.
Baltimore is located in the eastern, mid-Atlantic temperate forest ecoregion, representative of many cities in the US and the world. Originally founded in 1729, the city has experienced significant demographic, economic, and technological changes as it has transitioned from agriculture and mercantile to industrial and post-industrial economies.
Green infrastructure (GI) is an increasingly popular climate change adaptation solution in cities today. As a broad concept that entails using and mimicking nature and ecology to provide services in cities, the concept of GI presents an alternative to traditional development by centering nature and ecology in the design, implementation, and management of urban areas. This centering shows promise in increasingly the resilience of cities in the face of climate change.
Facing increased uncertainty regarding extreme climate events, a need lies in comparatively analyzing visions of resilient urban futures, to help identify not only similarities and differences within and across cities, but also synergies.