Located in the Sonoran Desert, Phoenix, home for 1.6 million residents, is the fifth largest city and one of the fastest growing cities in the US, with the second greatest population in the Southwest. It receives just 8 inches of rain per year, making water scarcity a major concern for many local stakeholders.


Baltimore is located in the eastern, mid-Atlantic temperate forest ecoregion, representative of many cities in the US and the world. Originally founded in 1729, the city has experienced significant demographic, economic, and technological changes as it has transitioned from agriculture and mercantile to industrial and post-industrial economies.

Green Infrastructure Task Force

Green infrastructure (GI) is an increasingly popular climate change adaptation solution in cities today. As a broad concept that entails using and mimicking nature and ecology to provide services in cities, the concept of GI presents an alternative to traditional development by centering nature and ecology in the design, implementation, and management of urban areas. This centering shows promise in increasingly the resilience of cities in the face of climate change.

Knowledge Systems Innovation Task Force

Building urban resilience through upgrading knowledge systems   What is the problem/challenge? Urban resilience in the face of increasingly frequent and extreme weather events requires changes to the knowledge (data sources, expertise, decision-making processes, etc.) used in urban infrastructure design and planning for the following key reasons: OUTDATED DATA & CHANGING WEATHER. Not only are…